Wales is one of the four countries of the United Kingdom. (The others are England, Scotland, and Northern Ireland.) The Welsh people are Celtic (central and western European) in origin and have their own language and cultural heritage. The southern part of Wales was colonized by Normans during the eleventh century AD . The last independent principality—Gwynedd, made up of most of North and Central Wales—was conquered by Edward I of England in 1284. Edward's oldest son was given the title Prince of Wales. That title has been held by the oldest son of England's reigning monarch ever since. Wales was officially joined with England in 1707 by the Act of Union, which established the United Kingdom.

South Wales became heavily industrialized in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries with the development of coal and iron mining. In the twentieth century, much of the Welsh population has emigrated to England and other countries in search of better job opportunities. In recent decades there has been a renewal of Welsh nationalism (patriotism). Political and cultural groups have worked to strengthen a unique Welsh identity separate from a British identity.

Find out more about Wales, its' people and its' history by reading the sections below:

Welsh culture is full of myths and legends. Even the country's national symbol—the dragon—is a mythical beast. Almost every mountain, river, and lake, as well as many farms and villages, are associated with some legend of tylwyth teg (fairies), magical properties, or fearful beasts.

In this section you can find information about the Welsh culture which includes information on; The Welsh Flag, Eisteddfods, Welsh Food, Welsh music, and much more. Why not take a look.

From the arrival of the Celts in 600bc to the Ryder cup being held at Celtic Manor, Wales through the centuries has been central to many significant historical events.

In this section you will find out about famous Weslh characters such as Owain Glyndwr, David Lloyd George, Madog and events like the Roman invasion and The Rebecca riots.

Welsh was recognized as an official language in 1966. Since the 1960s there has been a movement to increase the use and recognition of Welsh. It is now taught in schools, and there are Welsh radio and television broadcasting facilities. 

In this section 
you can find information about the Welsh language which includes mini Welsh lessons, games and programmes.